November 2009

Nov
2009
Vol. 21. No. 4

EDITORIAL

Autism spectrum disorders: Rising prevalence drives research on causes and cures

Sanjay Gupta, MD | Daniel A. Rossignol, MD, FAAFP

This special issue of Annals of Clinical Psychiatry features original research and review articles on autism spectrum disorders (ASD) as a continuation of our August issue. A recent survey reports a higher prevalence of ASD in the United States—1.1% or 1 in 91 children age 3 to 17—than previously estimated.1 The survey also reports that nearly 40% of children who had been diagnosed with ASD did not currently have the condition. These results reinforce the importance of early recognition and effective interventions for children with ASD.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Retrospective analysis of clinical records in 38 cases of recovery from autism

Doreen Granpeesheh, PhD, BCBA | Edward Carr, PhD | Martha Herbert, PhD

Background: Twenty years of research on early intensive treatment using applied behavior analysis (ABA) for children with autism has consistently produced robust effects. There appears to be a subset of children whose response to intensive ABA treatments includes achieving a level of functioning that is indistinguishable from typically developing peers. The purpose of this study was to describe a subset of children who recovered from autism following intensive ABA interventions.

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REVIEW ARTICLES

Novel and emerging treatments for autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review

Daniel A. Rossignol, MD, FAAFP

Background: Currently, only one medication (risperidone) is FDA- approved for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Perhaps for this reason, the use of novel, unconventional, and off-label treatments for ASD is common, with up to 74% of children with ASD using these treatments; however, treating physicians are often unaware of this usage.

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