BACKGROUND: This study examined whether a culturally focused psychiatric consultation program (CFP) for Latino Americans was equally effective in reducing depressive symptoms in English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients.
METHODS: The CFP utilizes the Engagement Interview Protocol (EIP), a semi-standardized protocol eliciting patient narratives about illness beliefs. The sample included 118 Latino American patients presenting with depressive symptoms. Patient-preferred primary language was examined as a moderator for the effect of CFP participation vs usual care on change in depressive symptoms.
RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that the interaction effect of primary language and treatment arm on depressive symptoms, as measured by the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report was not statistically significant at 6-month follow-up (B = –2.89, t = –1.35, P = .180).
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the CFP was equally effective in both Spanish and English-speaking Latino Americans. The trend in the results toward greater reduction in depressive symptoms in primary Spanish-speaking Latino Americans as compared with primary English-speaking Latino Americans suggests the importance of receiving language-concordant care.