George Winokur Clinical Research Paper Award

The AACP established its Clinical Research Award in 1979, which is presented to the author of the best original research paper published in Annals of Clinical Psychiatry during the previous calendar year. The Award is presented at the AACP annual meeting and includes a cash prize, engraved award, complimentary one-year membership to the AACP, plus travel and accommodations to attend the annual meeting. The AACP’s Research Award Committee is responsible for making the selection.

2017 George Winokur Clinical Research Award

William Lawson, MD, PhD

Race differences in antipsychotic use among of Medicaid Patients with Schizophrenia


The American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists 2017 George Winokur Clinical Research Award has been awarded to William Lawson, MD, PhD, for research which was published in the November 2015 issue of Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. Dr. Lawson will be presented the award at the AACP annual meeting in Chicago, Friday, March 31, 2017. (for further conference information go to


Dr. Lawson’s research article is titled “Racial differences in antipsychotic use: Claims database analysis of Medicaid-insured patients with schizophrenia” (Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. 2015;27(4):242-252).


Dr. Lawson’s conduced a database analysis that indicated that antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia varies among racial groups. A Medicaid database of inpatient/outpatient medical claims and outpatient prescription claims covering more than 28 million enrollees in 11 geographically diverse states was analyzed. The primary outcome, racial differences in antipsychotic use in 2012, was examined in 5 multi-variable logistic regression models: (1) any antipsychotic, (2) first-generation (FG) long-acting injectables (LAIs), (3) FG oral antipsychotics, (4) second-generation (SG) LAIs, and (5) SG oral antipsychotics.


The article reported that odds ratios and adjusted predicted probabilities were comparable for any antipsychotic use between black and white patients. Black patients were less likely to receive SG oral antipsychotics (P < .001) and more likely to receive SG or FG LAIs (P = .001 and P < .001, respectively) and FG oral antipsychotics (P = .003) vs white patients. Further, black patients had a higher mean number of emergency room visits (P < .001) and a lower mean number of hospitalizations (P < .05) vs white patients; the mean number of physician visits was comparable. The authors concluded that disparities in antipsychotic use and healthcare utilization across race in patients with schizophrenia warrant further investigation and elimination of these disparities should be a national goal.


Dr. Lawson is Associate Dean for Health Disparities at the Dell Medical School and Director of Community Health Programs and Professor at Huston-Tillotson University, where he leads the Sandra Joy Anderson Community Health and Wellness Center. He is also University of Texas at Austin’s institutional representative for the Health Disparities Education, Awareness, Research and Training.


He received his BS in psychology from Howard University, an MA from the University of Virginia, and PhD in Psychology from the University of New Hampshire. He earned a medical degree from the Pritzker School of Medicine at the University of Chicago, completed residency at Stanford University and a fellowship at the National Institute of Mental Health. He has held faculty positions at the University of Illinois, Urbana, University of California, Irvine, Vanderbilt University, and the University of Arkansas. He recently left after Howard University after 15 years as Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of the National Medical Association.


Dr. Lawson has held numerous senior positions and received national recognition including Past President of Washington, DC chapter of Mental Health America, Past President of the Washington Psychiatric Society, past Chair of the Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences of the National Medical Association, and past president of the Black Psychiatrists of America, received the American Psychiatric Foundation Award for Advancing Minority Mental Health, the 2014 Solomon Carter Fuller Award by the American Psychiatric Association, the Sigma XI the scientific honor society and Alpha Omega, the medical honor society, the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill Exemplary Psychiatrist Award, the Jeanne Spurlock Award from the American Psychiatric Association, and the E.Y. Williams Clinical Scholar of Distinction Award from the National Medical Association.


The AACP established its Clinical Research Award in 1979. Original unpublished papers were solicited in the Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. In 1992, the format was changed to include all original research papers published in the Annals of Clinical Psychiatry.
Winners are selected annually from original research published during the calendar year. The Awards are given at the next Academy conference and include a cash prize, engraved award, complimentary one year membership in AACP plus travel and accommodations to attend the conference. Judging is conducted by the Academy’s Research Award Committee and all decisions are final.


Winokur Research Award Committee Chairperson

Carol S. North, MD, MPE
Medical Director, The Altshuler Center for Education & Research, Metrocare Services
The Nancy and Ray L. Hunt Chair in Crisis Psychiatry and Professor of Psychiatry
Director, Division of Trauma & Disaster
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
6363 Forest Park Rd., Room BL6.226, Dallas, Texas 75390-8828, USA

Winokur Award Committee

Carol North, MD, Chair
Richard Balon, MD, Wayne State University
James Wilcox, MD, Tucson VAMC
Barbara Rohland, MD, Mayo Clinic

Please contact Beverly Davidson, AACP Executive Director, for further information at

George Winokur Clinical Research Award Winners



Committee Chair

David Kupfer, MD
Mark Gold, MD Charles L. Rich, MD
Larry E. Tune, MD
James R. Morrison, MD
Robert E. Smith, MD
Louis Hafken, MD
Hagop S. Akiskal, MD
Henry A. Nasrallah, MD Louis Hafken, MD
Sheldon H. Preskorn, MD
Larry Kirstein, MD Louis Hafken, MD
Ming T. Tsuang, MD, PhD
Gary Tollefson, MD, PhD Louis Hafken, MD
Elizabeth B. Weller, MD
Hector C. Fabelli, MD, PhD Louis Hafken, MD
Natraj Sitaram, MD
Matig Mavissakalian, MD Louis Hafken, MD
Dennis S. Charney, MD
Arnold L. Lieber, MD Louis Hafken, MD
Michael Liebowitz, MD
Harry E. Gwirtsman, MD Louis Hafken, MD
Ronald A. Weller, MD
Joyce G. Small, MD Charles L. Rich, MD
Conrad M. Swartz, MD
Timothy D. Brewerton, MD Valerie F. Holmes, MD
Conrad M. Swartz, MD
Valerie F. Holmes, MD
Douglas Finestone, MD
Ira Glick, MD Valerie F. Holmes, MD
Roy T. Mathew, MD
Stephen C. Olsen, MD Valerie F. Holmes, MD
Elizabeth M. Smith, PhD
Valerie F. Holmes, MD
Joesph Magliozzi, MD (co-winner)
John Lauer, MD (co-winner)
Paul M. Packman, MD
Laura Sanchez, MD
Paul M. Packman, MD
Mary Fristad, PhD
Paul M. Packman, MD
Danielle S. Schneider, MD
Donald W. Black, MD
Donald W. Black, MD
Donald W. Black, MD
Sidney Zisook, MD
Donald W. Black, MD
Eric Lenze
Donald W. Black, MD
Liviu Ichim MD
Donald W. Black, MD
Paul J. Perry PhD
Donald W. Black, MD
Betty Pfefferbaum, MD
Donald W. Black, MD
(No Award Presented)
Matig Massavikalian, MD
Carol S. North, MD
Pinhas Nedim Dannon, MD
Carol S. North, MD
Keith E. Isenberg, MD
Carol S. North, MD
Ahsan Y. Khan, MD
Carol S. North, MD
George I. Papakostas, MD
Carol S. North, MD
Susan K. Schultz, MD
Doreen Granpeesheh, PhD, BCBA-D
Carol S. North, MD
Alina Suris, PhD, ABPP
Carol S. North, MD
Donald Black, MD
Carol S. North, MD
Boaz Levy, PhD
Carol S. North, MD
Alina Suris
Carol S. North, MD
Mark Zimmerman
Carol S. North, MD


William Lawson, MD, PhD

Carol S. North, MD