Phenomenology and epidemiology of panic disorder
Research Psychiatrist, Laureate Institute of Brain Research, Professor of Research, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Tulsa, OK, USA
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is a common and severe psychiatric disorder. The estimated current prevalence rate for panic disorder is 1% to 2% of the adult population. Panic disorder is commonly accompanied by major depression, substance use disorders, and other anxiety disorders. Female gender, low socioeconomic status, and anxious childhood temperament are common risk factors for panic disorder. Panic disorder can produce marked distress and impairment and is associated with significant suicide risk. Panic disorder appears to increase risk for all-cause mortality because it may increase risk for cardiovascular disease.
KEYWORDS: panic disorder, panic attacks, epidemiology
ANNALS OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY 2009;21(2):95–102CORRESPONDENCE: William R. Yates, MD, 8601 S Darlington Ave, Tulsa, OK 74137 USA. E-MAIL: email@example.comAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry ©2009 American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists