The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) task force recommendations for the management of patients with mood disorders and comorbid personality disorders
Toronto East General Hospital Day, Treatment Program, East York, Ontario, Canada, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Mood Disorders Psychopharmacology Unit, University Health Network, Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, CanadaAyal Schaffer, MD, FRCPC
Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
BACKGROUND: The association between mood disorders and personality disorders (PDs) is complicated clinically, conceptually, and neurobiologically. There is a need for recommendations to assist clinicians in treating these frequently encountered patients.
METHODS: The literature was reviewed with the purpose of identifying clinically relevant themes. MedLine searches were supplemented with manual review of the references in relevant papers. From the extant evidence, consensus-based recommendations for clinical practice were developed.
RESULTS: Key issues were identified with regards to the overlap of PDs and mood disorders, including whether certain personality features predispose to mood disorders, whether PDs can reliably be recognized if there is an Axis I disorder present, whether personality disturbances arise as a consequence or are a forme fruste of mood disorders, and whether personality traits or disorders modify treatment responsiveness and outcome of mood disorders.
CONCLUSION: This paper describes consensus-based clinical recommendations that arise from a consideration of how signals from the literature can impact clinical practice in the treatment of patients with comorbid mood and personality pathology. Additional treatment studies of patients with the comorbid conditions are required to further inform clinical practice.
KEYWORDS: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, mood disorders, personality disorders, borderline personality disorder, clinical guidelines
ANNALS OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY 2012;24(1):56-68CORRESPONDENCE: Michael Rosenbluth, MD, FRCPC, Toronto East General Hospital Day, Treatment Program, Department of Psychiatry, 825 Coxwell Avenue, Toronto, ON M4C 3E7 Canada E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.orgAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry ©2012 Quadrant HealthCom Inc.