The CANMAT task force recommendations for the management of patients with mood disorders and comorbid medical conditions: diagnostic, assessment, and treatment principles
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaRoger S. McIntyre, MD, FRCPC
Mood Disorders Psychopharmacology Unit, University Health Network, Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
BACKGROUND: Medical comorbidity is commonly encountered in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). The presence of medical comorbidity has diagnostic, prognostic, treatment, and etiologic implications underscoring the importance of timely detection and treatment.
METHODS: A selective review of relevant articles and reviews published in English-language databases (1968 to April 2011) was conducted. Studies describing epidemiology, temporality of onset, treatment implications, and prognosis were selected for review.
RESULTS: A growing body of evidence from epidemiologic, clinical, and biologic studies suggests that the relationship between medical illness and mood disorder is bidirectional in nature. It provides support for the multiplay of shared and specific etiologic factors interlinking these conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: This article describes the complex interactions between medical illness and mood disorders and provides a meaningful approach to their comorbid clinical diagnosis and management.
KEYWORDS: major depressive disorder, mood disorder, bipolar disorder, comorbidity, medical illness
ANNALS OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY 2012;24(1):82-90CORRESPONDENCE: Rajamannar Ramasubbu, MD, FRCPC, MSc, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Mental Health, Centre for Research and Education, TRW Building, Room#4D64, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6 Canada E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.orgAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry ©2012 Quadrant HealthCom Inc.